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COVID-19 – THE JOURNEY #Stories4Health

CORONAVIRUS [COVID-19] – THE JOURNEY #Stories4Health

*What is coronavirus?

Coronavirus disease 2019 [Covid-19] is an illness caused by a noval coronavirus now called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2[Sars-Cov-2] formerly called 2019 – nCov, which was first identified amid an outbreak of respiratory illness cases in Wuhan City, Hubel Province, China. It was initially reported to The World Health Organization on December 31, 2019. On January 30, 2020 The WHO declared the Covid-19 outbreak a global health emergency. On March 11, 2020 The WHO declared Covid-19 a global pandemic, its first such designation since declaring H1N1 influenza a pandemic in 2009. [1]

*Brief Breakdown of Covid-19.

This illness caused by SARS – COV2 was termed Covid-19 by The WHO, the acronym derived from “coronavirus disease 2019”. The name was chosen to avoid stigmatizing the virus origins in terms of populations, geography or animal associations [2]. The first case may be traced back to 17th November, 2019. As of 14 June 2020, more than 7.8million cases are been reported across 188 countries and territories resulting in more than 430,000 deaths, more than 3.72 million people have recovered [3].

According to The WHO, there are no vaccines or specific antinovel treatment for Covid-19, management involves the treatment of symptoms, supportive, care, isolation and experimental measures. The World Health Organization [WHO] declared the Covid-19 Outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern [PHEIC] on 30 January, 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March, 2020. Local transmission of the disease has occurred in most countries across all six WHO regions [4].

*Causes of Covid-19.                

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV2] is the strain of coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19], the respiratory illness responsible for the Covid-19 pandemic colloquially known as simply the coronavirus, it was previously referred to by its provisional name, 2019 Novel Coronavirus [2019-n Cov] and has be also been called human coronavirus 2019 [HCov-19] or [h Cov19]. [5]

Getting in contact with contaminated persons or touching contaminated areas they have been infected by a covid-19 patient. [6]

*Symptoms of Covid-19. [7]

SystemsRangeFever83-99%Cough59-82%Loss of  Appetite40-84%Fatigue44-70%Shortness of Breath31-40%Coughing up Sputum28-33%Muscle Aches and Pains11-35%

 

Fever is the most common symptoms of Covid-19, but is highly variable in severity and presentation with some older, immune composed or critically ill people not having fever at all. In one study, only 44% of people had fever when they presented to the hospital while 89% went on to develop fever at some point during their hospitalization. A lack of fever does not verify someone is disease free [9]. Other common symptoms include cough, loss of appetite, fatigue, shortness of breath, sputum production, muscle and joint pains. Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea have been observed in varying percentages less common symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, sore throat and skin lesion. Some causes in China initially presented with only chest tightness and palpitations. A decrease sense of smell or disturbance in taste may occur, loss of smell was a presenting symptom in 30% of confirmed cases in South Korea. [10]

*Damages of Covid-19.

Damages may include pneumonia, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome [ARDS], multi organ failure, septic shock and death. Cardiovascular complications may include heart failure, arrhythmias heart inflammation and blood dots. Approximately 20-30% of people who present with Covid-19 have elevated liver enzymes reflecting liver injury; neurologic manifestations include seizure, stroke, encephalitis and Guillian-Barre syndrome which includes loss of motor functions. Following the infection, children may develop paediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome, which has symptoms similar to Kawasaki disease which can be fatal. [11]

*Precautionary Measures for Covid-19. [12]

1. Regularly and thoroughly washing of the hands with anti-bacterial soap and water.

2. Use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers after washing.

3. Cleaning of hands with a clean hand towel or tissues, if tissues it should be dispose after use.

4. Maintain at least 1 meter [3 feet] distance between yourself and others.

5. Avoid going to crowded places.

6. Always use a face mask.

7. Contact your nearest health care if you observe anyone with Covid-19 symptoms.

8. Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources like the WHO.

*Drug treatment on Covid-19. [13]

1. Chloroquine phosphate.

2. Colchicine.

3. Favipiravir.

4. Fingolimod.

5. Hydroxychloroquine.

6. Azithromycin.

7. Ivermectin.

8. Leronlimab.

9. Lopinavir and ritonavir.

10. Remdesivir.

*Latest Drug Update on Covid-19. [14]

Dexamethasone.

*New Style of Living to adapt. [15]

1. Stay at home.

2. Wash hands more.

3. Maintain social distancing.

4. Wear protective face masks.

5. Avoid public places like bars and restaurants.

6. Less shopping in malls and supermarket.

7. Less travel.

8. Avoid public transport.

*Experience of Covid-19.

The speed at which the cases increase after tests result are out is so alarming whereby in some countries we have thousands of people been infected by the virus every single day. The virus is very fast in spreading from one person to another, the frontline workers have advise that people should promote social distancing and also stay at home to reduce the rate at which the cases are been spread. They further explain that patients are capable to infect the clinical workers working in the isolation centers. The frontline workers are also given more personal protective equipment [PPE] and surgical drapes for the healthcare environment and the effective disinfection of medical devices, patient-care equipment, and sterile processing environmental surfaces, provision of more bed spaces and isolation centers.

*Equipment needs for the fight against Covid-19.

1. Noise mask.

2. Hand Sanitizer.

3. Personal protective equipment.

4. Testing Kits.

*Activities of the Government.

1. Lock down of borders like land, air and sea.

2. Restriction of movement but only essentials goods can move like health care equipment, food, good and services such as petrol services etc.

3. Shutting down of schools.

4. Closure of bars and restaurants.

5. Shutting down of malls, banks and stores etc.

6. Provision of testing kits and personal protective kits.

7. Provision of financial resources for its citizens.

8. Provision of Health Care Insurance for the Health Care Workers.

*Prayers for Covid-19.

2CHRONICLES 7:14[NIV] – if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will hear their land. We need the mercy of GOD to overcome Covid-19. AMEN.

This virus has affected the world, the virus has affected the economy badly caused hard realities like loss of income, job insecurity, stalled education, food shortages. I advise the public to take up precautionary measures to avoid the spread of this virus. So therefore contact your nearest health care center if you observe anyone with Covid-19 symptoms.

I want to appreciate Muwado and Amari for giving me this platform to express my views on the Covid-19 pandemic.

Thank You.

 #Stories4Health

References:

  • A post-covid economy [www.nairametrics.com] [1-4]
  • Coronavirus disease 2019-Wikipedia. [5-11]
  • World Health Organization-WHO – Advice for the public [www.who.int]. [12]
  • Covid-19: Prevention & Investigational Treatments. [www.drug.com]. [13-14]
  • Covid-19 Pandemic- Changes to the general lifestyle due to Covid-19. [www.statista.com] [15]

NAME: OBI JERRY EKENE.

LOCATION: EKITI STATE, NIGERIA.

TWITTER: ObiEkene20.

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16 Comments

  1. this is a very brilliant article ,well done for making Nigeria proud we are all with you keep on moving the country i pray that W H O absolve you to work with them.

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